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Early Literacy

Early literacy is what children know about reading and writing before they can actually read or write. You can help develop early literacy skills by reading and talking about books and telling stories to children starting at birth. There are six skills that research has determined children must know before they can learn to read. Parents can help even very young children learn these skills and grow up to be successful readers and learners. You can give your child a life-long advantage if you start now to develop a love for books and reading.

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Six Skills Your Child Needs

Print Motivation - Love Books

Letter Knowledge - See Letters

Narrative Skills - Tell Stories

Print Awareness - Use Books

Vocabulary - New Words

Phonological Awareness - Make Sounds

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Print motivation is a child’s interest in and enjoyment of books.

Why is it important?
Children who enjoy books and reading will be curious about how to read. They will want to learn to read.

What can you do?

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Letter Knowledge

Letter knowledge is knowing that letters are different from each other and that they have different names and sounds.

Why is it important?
Children must understand that words are made up of individual letters and that each letter has its own name and sound.

What can you do?

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Narrative Skills

Narrative skill is the ability to describe things and events and tell stories.

Why is it important?
Being able to talk about and explain what happens in a story helps a child understand the meaning of what she is reading. Good narrative skills lead to good reading comprehension.

What can you do?

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Print awareness is noticing print everywhere, knowing how to handle a book and knowing how to follow the words on a page.

Why is it important?
Children must be aware of words before they can read them.

What can you do?

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Vocabulary

Vocabulary is knowing the names of things.

Why is it important?
Children need to know the meaning of words to understand what they are reading. When you think about it, you know if you are reading a word correctly if you have heard it before. You are sounding it out. The more words children hear, the more ready they will be to make connections when they read.

What can you do?

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Phonological Awareness

Phonological awareness is the ability to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words.

Why is it important?
Being able to hear the beginning and ending sounds that make up words will help children sound out words when they begin to read. This helps children break the code between written language (letters) and spoken language (sounds).

What can you do?

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Lawrenceburg Public Library District
Youth Services Department
Email: jlmaples@lpld.lib.in.us

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